raja ampat

Navigating The Impact of Tourism
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“The world’s most beautiful islands”, is how Raja Ampat was once described; a remote archipelago, sparsely populated with a few small villages, home to the world’s most biodiverse coral reefs, abundant with life, colour and movement.  It is not hard to see how this cluster of islands came to be described as the most beautiful on Earth, with its stunning scenery above and below the water attracting divers, snorkelers an nature lovers each year, all of whom depart deeply moved by the natural beauty. Yet it is this very same natural beauty that leaves this environmentally sensitive region vulnerable to exploitation and over-tourism, and has earned it a new, more alarming title; ‘Raja Ampat, The Last Paradise’.

With its remote location and poor accessibility, to date relative isolation and low human population (50,000 local inhabitants) has been Raja Ampat’s greatest defence against overuse and exploitation, however, with increasing ease of access, major promotional campaigns combined with social media, the past 5-7 years has seen rapid spike in tourism development, and an influx of investors and developers.

Once hailed as a solution to a number of environmental threats, and a path to sustainable economic growth, tourism was originally a means by which to support the implementation of Marine Protected Areas, eliminate illegal and unsustainable fishing and provide employment and alternative livelihoods to local community members. And for a given period of time, this was indeed the case, serving as a model and example for sustainable tourism in Indonesia and around the world.  Yet, as with many nature-based tourism efforts in remote areas, the fine line between sustainable and unsustainable was not clearly defined and became increasingly blurred and misinterpreted.  The ongoing promotion of the archipelago’s natural beauty drew unprecedented attention and visitation, but in the absence of strict regulation and enforcement, this influx and unchecked expansion has escalated into (area specific) over-tourism, which now manifests in environmental strain, industry overload (along with cultural displacement and social inequality), challenging the perception that Raja Ampat is an ‘untouched paradise’.

This area specific over-tourism in the region is now evident in the increasing degradation of coral reefs, increased waste, and the over-crowding of sites that were once serene, undermining both ecological balance and the quality of visitor experience.


visiting raja ampat

Minimising Your Impact 

The moment you set foot in Raja Ampat, you are not simply a visitor, you are a part of the delicate ecosystem, both above and below the water. And as a visitor who is part of the ecosystem, it’s important to recognise your actions and behaviour have direct impact and influence on the environment you have travelled (and paid!) to see, and therefore it’s it’s crucial to tread lightly, acknowledging and respecting the symbiotic relationship between the environment, local communities and visitors. 

Minimizing your impact is more than a courtesy; it’s a responsibility that extends from arefully navigating the marine environment, respecting cultural traditions and norms, managing waste conscientiously and embracing good practices that ensure your presence adds value and does not detract from the natural and cultural splendor of Raja Ampat. The following sections will guide you on how to actively participate in conserving Raja Ampat’s unique heritage, making sure the only trace you leave is a positive one.


Respect the cultures and communities you visit by familiarizing yourself with local traditions before your arrival. Understanding local customs not only prevents misunderstandings and potentially disrespectful behaviors but also enriches your interactions with community members.

Be aware of local ceremonies and significant religious observances, respecting the beliefs and practices of your hosts on these days. For instance, Sundays are typically reserved for church, rest, and family in many communities; refrain from insisting on tours or activities from your host on such days.

Avoid handing out sweets, books, clothing, or other items directly to children in villages; instead, contribute to a recognized local organization or NGO that can distribute these gifts in a fair and appropriate way.

Consider the relevance and necessity of your donations; occasionally, donated items may not be suitable or remain unused, simply creating waste in the region.  It’s best to consult with a local NGO or organization beforehand to understand what contributions would be genuinely beneficial to the community.

When photographing people or their homes, always seek permission first, especially when the subjects are children. This shows respect for community members privacy and dignity.  Consider how such behaviour would be recieved in your community at home – where it would likely be poorly tolerated, unaccepted, or even illegal. 

Additionally, refrain from entering villages or interacting with local community members in bikinis, swimwear, or revealing attire. Nudity or near-nudity is considered highly inappropriate, even if local residents are too polite to express discomfort. Observe the attire of local community members and attempt to dress similarly as a sign of respect and cultural sensitivity.


Waste Production & Management is a critical environmental concern where individuals have significant control. Raja Ampat lacks waste management facilities, with minimal waste processing and recycling available in the nearest cities of Waisai and Sorong. Without proper facilities, waste disposal often resorts to burning, landfilling, or in many cases – dumping (on land or in sea).  Thus, minimizing waste production, especially plastic, becomes crucial.

To reduce your waste footprint and pollution in the region, consider these simple actions:
– Never litter, it’s irresponsible, disrespectful and violates Marine Park rules.
– Avoid buying plastic-bottled drinks (instead, bring a reusable bottle to refill from larger water containers) or plastic wrapped items. Try to bring everything that you will need from you home country, and unpackage these items before your trip to reduce waste in Raja Ampat.
– If there is a need to shop, bring a cloth shopping bag to eliminate the need for plastic bags, and refuse a plastic bag when offered.
– Refrain from buying or discarding plastic items in Raja Ampat, Sorong, or Waisai. If you must purchase or use plastic, take it back with you to your home country or location for responsible disposal.  Consider: if you’re not comfortable to take your plastic waste home with you and disposing of it there, should you be comfortable leaving it for someone else to dispose of in Raja Ampat? 

Additionally, do not dispose of batteries locally due to the lack of disposal options. Bring used batteries back with you for proper disposal.


Raja Ampat’s islands lack a centralized water supply, depending instead on collected rainwater and the boiling of limited non-potable groundwater. Water remains a critical asset for both the local population and the rapidly expanding tourism sector. To reduce your environmental footprint regarding wastewater and chemical pollution, consider the following advice:

– Practice water conservation; vacationing often leads to longer showers, but keeping them brief conserves this valuable resource.
– Choose your personal care products wisely. Products used in showers and sinks often end up in the ocean or are processed by basic sanitation, leading to potential pollution and eutrophication.  Opt for marine-safe personal care items. Accommodations might not always offer products that are benign to marine ecosystems, therefore it is essential you bring this from home.
– Select only reef-safe sunscreens; certain ingredients in conventional sunscreens can damage coral polyps. Again, you must bring this with you from home.

Being conscious of these practices helps preserve Raja Ampat’s delicate marine environment, ensuring its vitality for future generations and the continued success of its tourism industry.

Ask you tourism operator or host how they manage their waste water – it is only through consumer demand that improved waster water management will occur.


Remember, when you are in Raja Ampat, you become part of a sensitive ecosystem, therefore, it is crucial you are aware of, and moderate your behaviour accordingly, such that your only impact.. is your bubbles.

– Touch, chase, or disturb marine wildlife
– Ask your guide to touch, chase or disturb wildlife or coral for the sake of a ‘better’ viewing experience, photo or video
– Engage in capture/release activities with marine wildlife
– Walk on, touch, or break corals. Always maintain awareness of your buoyancy and position to avoid touching coral at all times.
– Feed marine life human food
– Ignore Marine Park Regulations, as well as Regency, Province, or National Indonesian laws that protect the marine environment.

– Advocate for and expect, environmental awareness and responsible behavior from all dive, snorkel and tour guides and tourism operators.
– Speak up if you witness harmful practices, if deemed necessary, report such behaviour to your operator or the Raja Ampat Marine Park Authority.

Following these simple guidelines ensures your activities contribute positively to the preservation of Raja Ampat’s sensitive marine ecosystem.

visiting raja ampat

Mitigating Your Impact – Giving Forward

At The SEA People, we believe each and every individual tourist and tourism operator, must make a firm and conscious commitment to responsible tourism practice, beyond simply the basics.  We believe that one the greatest positive influences on the state of the environment in Raja Ampat’s marine environment can, and should, be the tourists themselves. If tourists behave responsibly and demand responsible and sustainable practice from tourism operators, Raja Ampat’s vibrant and abundant reefs can continue to provide important biological, socio-cultural and economic services in the region, including food livelihoods and enjoyment for thousands of people, both now and into the future.

Join us for a day of Reef Restoration, and make your contribution to Restoring, Protecting and Conserving Raja Ampat’s reefs. 

Exploring the stunning marine landscapes of Raja Ampat comes with a hidden cost: the environmental footprint left behind by travel, from carbon emissions to local ecological impacts. Recognizing this, we invite you to transform your visit into a meaningful journey of giving forward. Instead of merely trying to compensate for the impacts made, we encourage a more proactive approach to  conservation.

Join our for a day of reef restoration on the Yaf Keru Reef Restoration and Conservation Program, and restore degraded coral reefs alongside local community members.  By spending the day with our local team you will:
Learn more about the threats to Raja Ampat’s reefs, and why reef restoration is important in Raja Ampat
– See firsthand, the ‘other Raja Ampat’
– Discover reef restoration theory and techniques
– Be hands-on in the restoration of an area of degraded reef

This initiative goes beyond mitigating harm; it’s an opportunity to positively influence the marine ecosystem and local communities. By taking the time during your holiday to participate in reef restoration, you actively contribute to the conservation  of the stunning reefs that Raja Ampat offers, whilst supporting the livelihoods of local community members. 

Your participation signifies a commitment to not only minimizing your footprint, but also actively supporting local communities, and improving the natural world for future generations.

Join our coral reef restoration and conservation efforts, and in doing so, turn your visit to Raja Ampat into a powerful act of restoration and hope. To found out how you can join us for a day of reef restoration, Contact us by clicking the button below, or donate to support our conservation efforts!  

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Tourism in Raja Ampat brings both benefits and challenges. On the positive side, it has heightened global awareness of this unique ecosystem and can in some cases provide essential funding for local conservation efforts, supporting initiatives to protect the archipelago’s sensitive marine life and habitats.

However, the negative impacts are considerable. Ecologically, the region faces waste management issues, as the influx of tourists and supporting industry leads to an increase in rubbish, wastewater, sewage, and chemical pollution. These waste challenges put a significant strain on the environment, affecting both land and sea ecosystems.

Culturally, the surge in tourism can lead to a dilution of local customs and traditions. The presence of international visitors often results in cultural insensitivity, risking the loss of traditional practices that have been central to the community’s way of life.

Furthermore, the carbon footprint from international travel to Raja Ampat contributes to wider environmental degradation, that can in no way be mitigated by a ‘give back’ activity during a short stay in the region. The emissions from flights and other transport methods to Raja Ampat, add to the global issue of climate change, impacting the very ecosystems tourists come to admire.


The concept of eco-tourism, inherently designed to support conservation efforts and local economies, can paradoxically become counterproductive when too many operators enter the scene. An oversaturation of ‘eco-tourism’ businesses in a given area often leads to increased competition for limited natural resources and visitor attention.  This competition can pressure operators to prioritize profit over environmental stewardship, resulting in compromised eco-friendly practices.
With numerous operators claiming the ‘eco’ label, the collective impact of their activities—higher foot traffic, greater waste production, and increased demand on local infrastructure— can strain ecosystems and diminish the very qualities that make a destination like Raja Ampat special for eco-tourism, undermining the sustainability of the industry as a whole.

In light of the challenges eco-tourism faces when its scale outstrips sustainability, it becomes imperative to pivot towards responsible tourism.

Responsible tourism is grounded in a commitment to creating a positive impact on the environment, local communities, and visitors alike. It emphasizes the need for tourists and operators to be fully conscious of the local ecosystem, culture, and economy, encouraging behaviours that are respectful and beneficial to the destination.

Responsible tourism advocates for thoughtful engagement with the environment, seeking to minimize the negative impacts of travel through education and conscious decision-making. It calls for travelers to reduce their carbon footprint, support local economies by patronizing local businesses, and participate in cultural exchanges that are respectful and enriching. Operators, on their part, are urged to implement sustainable practices such as effective waste management, use of renewable energy, and water conservation. They are also encouraged to collaborate with local authorities and communities to ensure that tourism development is aligned with the area’s long-term sustainability goals.

This shift from merely labelling tourism as ‘eco’ to actively practicing responsible tourism can drive a transformative change. It demands a collective effort to preserve the destination’s uniqueness while enriching the visitor experience. Embracing responsible tourism is not just a fallback but a proactive step towards a more sustainable and equitable form of travel, ensuring that the places we visit can continue to thrive and be enjoyed for generations to come.


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All rights reserved. Yayasan Orang Laut Papua is a registered NGO under the Ministry of Law and Human Rights Republic of Indonesia. Number AHU-0016408. Year 2019. The SEA People is a registered Charitable Association under the Gouvernement de la République in France (Numero Identification Siren 853074300) and serves as an administrative and fundrasing base for supporting the fieldwork of Yaysan Orang Laut Papua.    Privacy Policy    Terms & Conditions